Colon surgery

hpbDr. Singh is board certified in general surgery from American Board of Surgery and proficient in the colon surgery. Dr. Singh performs both laparoscopic and open colon surgery for diverticulitis, obstruction and colon cancer. Dr. Singh is one of the best rated general surgeon in Winston Salem, North Carolina.

The colon is also called the large intestine. The ileum (last part of the small intestine) connects to the cecum (first part of the colon) in the lower right abdomen. The rest of the colon is divided into four parts:

• The ascending colon travels up the right side of the abdomen.
• The transverse colon runs across the abdomen.
• The descending colon travels down the left abdomen.
• The sigmoid colon is a short curving of the colon, just before the rectum.

The colon removes water, salt, and some nutrients forming stool. Muscles line the colon's walls, squeezing its contents along.

small bowel with volvulus, Gajendra Singh MD, Forsyth Surgical Associates Winston Salem, NC

Colon diseases

  • Colon cancer: Cancer of the colon affects more than 100,000 Americans each year. Most colon cancer is preventable through regular screening.
  • Diverticulitis: When diverticulum become inflamed or infected, diverticulitis results. Abdominal pain and constipation are common symptoms.
  • Diverticulosis: Small weak areas in the colon's muscular wall allow the colon's lining to protrude through, forming tiny pouches called diverticulum. Diverticulum usually cause no problems, but can bleed or become inflamed.
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon. Inflammatory bowel disease or infections are the most common causes.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: A name for either Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Both conditions can cause colon inflammation (colitis).
  • Crohn's disease: An inflammatory condition that usually affects the colon and intestines. Abdominal pain and diarrhea (which may be bloody) are symptoms.
  • Ulcerative colitis: An inflammatory condition that usually affects the colon and rectum. Like Crohn's disease, bloody diarrhea is a common symptom of ulcerative colitis.
  • Colon polyps: Polyps are small growths. Some of these develop into cancer, but it takes a long time. Removing them can prevent many colon cancers.

Treatment

All cancer patients needs some kind of surgery depending the extent of the cancer. It may involve part or complete removal of colon. It can be done both laparoscopically or open depending on the extent of the diease, patient condition and other factors.

Inflammatory bowel disease usually can be managed by medical treatment. We refer those patients to our gastroenterologists. Some time they need surgery to remove part of colon or complete removal of colon. This also can be done by both laparoscopic or open surgery.

Recurrent diverticulitis or first severe attack of diverticulitis usually needs surgery.