Hernia surgery

hpbA hernia is a sac formed by the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). The sac comes through a hole or weak area in the fascia, the strong layer of the abdominal wall that surrounds the muscle.

There are several types of hernias but few of these are common:

  • Femoral hernia appears as a bulge in the upper thigh, just below the groin. This type is more common in women than men.

  • Hiatal hernia occurs in the upper part of the stomach. In this hernia, part of the upper stomach pushes into the chest.

  • Incisional hernia can occur through a scar if you have had abdominal surgery in the past.

  • Inguinal hernia appears as a bulge in the groin. This type is more common in men than women. The bulge may go all the way down into the scrotum.

  • Umbilical hernia appears as a bulge around the belly button. It occurs when the muscle around the navel doesn't close completely.

Risk Factors -

  • Chronic constipation, straining to have bowel movements

  • Chronic cough

  • straining to urinate

  • Extra weight

  • Fluid in the abdomen

  • Heavy lifting

  • Poor nutrition

  • Smoking

  • Overexertion

  • Undescended testicles

Treatment

A permanent treatment for the hernia is to repair it surgically. Dr. Singh performs both laparoscopic and open hernia surgery.